Olynthus plan by D. Olynthus is an ancient city in Chalcidice and according to mythology it was founded by Olynthus, the son of Heracles the Greek demigod who is more known with the Roman version of his name, Hercules. The urban site is divided into South and North Hill with each part being built in different historical periods.
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The South Hill was firstly inhabited during the Neolithic period but the settlement was abandoned during the Bronze Age. This town, that wasn't based on a plan, was destroyed by the Persians in BCE and turned over to the Greeks of Chalcidice.
Essays Inspired by Archival Research in Athens Greece
It then became a Greek polis, also member of the Delian League an association of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. Although the other cities were not abandoned, there was an increase in population which could not be accommodated by the existing settlement of Olynthus. The necessity for a larger, but also better organized and defensible city resulted in the expansion of Olynthus by the designation of a new settlement lying on the North Hill.
As most of the classical Greek cities, Olynthus' new plan was based on the gridiron system, and more specifically, on the hippodamian model. The hippodamian model is analyzed in the database entry : Alexandria of Egypt.
Household and City Organization at Olynthus
The orthogonal street pattern is based on the orientation. As it can be seen in the illustration, the vertical streets have a north — south orientation, while the horizontal a west — east one. The rectangular blocks created by the intersection of the streets, consisted of ten houses each, two rows of five houses with an alley among them.
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Household and City Organization at Olynthus - Yale Scholarship
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August 21, - Published on Amazon. Verified Purchase. The archaeological site at Olynthos in the Chalkidiki peninsula in Northern Greece provides a unique opportunity to learn about ancient Greek city planning and design since most of the site remained exactly as it was when Philip II, king of Macedonia and father of Alexander the Great, sacked the city and burnt much of it to the ground in B.